Works Quoted in Another Source Sometimes an author of a book, article or website will mention another person’s work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. The basic rule is that in both your References list and in-text citation you will still cite Kirkey. You will add the words “qtd. According to a study by Smith (qtd.
MLA format follows the author -page method of in-text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
Unknown Author If the work does not have an author , cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Titles of books and reports are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.
If you are directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by “p.”). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
An MLA website citation includes the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the website (in italics), the publication date, and the URL (without “https://”).
In writing, an ” indirect quotation ” is a paraphrase of someone else’s words: It “reports” on what a person said without using the exact words of the speaker. An indirect quotation (unlike a direct quotation ) is not placed in quotation marks. For example : Dr. King said that he had a dream.
Unknown Author: For a work with no author, use the title in the signal phrase, or in the parentheses, use the first word or two of the title . Example: Similar results were found is several other studies on information literacy (“Teaching Info Lit Online,” 2010).
An indirect citation or secondary source is when the ideas of one author are published in another author’s text but you have not read or accessed the original author’s work. Include both the original author and the author of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference.
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in- text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text , like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper .
If you quote something a character says, use double quotation marks on the outside ends of the quotation to indicate that you are quoting a portion of the text. Use single quotation marks inside the double quotation marks to indicate that someone is speaking.
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
Use “ Anonymous ” as the author name in the corresponding reference entry as well. If the work you are referencing does not name an author (which is different than Anonymous being the identified author ), use the first few words of the title instead (APA, 2020, p. 264).
For sources with three to five authors , list all the authors the first time, and use “et al.” only in subsequent citations. For sources with six or more authors, use “et al.” from the first citation.
Write “Anonymous” in place of the author’s name in the parenthetical reference if it is used in the source, for example: (“Anonymous, 2008). Cite the source by its title if neither an author’s name nor the word “anonymous” is present.