Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote. You use the exact words and punctuation of the original.
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
Integrating Quotations into Sentences Introduce the quotation with a complete sentence and a colon. Use an introductory or explanatory phrase, but not a complete sentence, separated from the quotation with a comma. Make the quotation a part of your own sentence without any punctuation between your own words and the words you are quoting .
When making reference to the spoken words of someone other than the author recorded in a text, cite the name of the person and the name of the author, date and page reference of the work in which the quote or reference appears.
How to Quote a Quote ? In American English, use double quotation marks for quotations and single quotation marks for quotations within quotations. In British English, use single quotation marks for quotations and double quotation marks for quotations within quotations.
All well-known quotations that are attributable to an individual or to a text require citations . You should quote a famous saying as it appears in a primary or secondary source and then cite that source.
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
Using In-text Citation For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number, for example: (Field, 2005, para. 1).
Introduce the quote with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses and put the page number at the end of the quotation . The citation is part of the sentence and the punctuation will come after the citation .
Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order: An opening hook to catch the reader’s attention. Relevant background information that the reader needs to know. A thesis statement that presents your main point or argument.
The terms reference and citation are also often used to refer to the same thing although a citation tends to mean the part of the text within your assignment where you acknowledge the source; whilst a reference usually refers to the full bibliographic information at the end.
Citing a personal communication requires the person’s last name, first initial and the date of the communication. Write either the person’s first initial followed by his last name, or the person’s title, followed by his last name if his first initial is not available.
You should always try to read and cite the original work (the primary source ). If it is not possible to do this, you have to cite the original as contained in the secondary source . Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source .