Use an ellipsis in the middle of a quotation to indicate that you have omitted material from the original sentence, which you might do when it includes a digression not germane to your point. However, take care when omitting material to preserve the original meaning of the sentence.
The rule: Indicate that you have skipped material within a quote by placing three periods (an ellipsis) in place of the missing material. Do not place an ellipsis at the beginning or end of a quote , ever: only to indicate skipped material in the middle of a quote .
When you introduce a quotation with a full sentence , you should always place a colon at the end of the introductory sentence . When you introduce a quotation with an incomplete sentence , you usually place a comma after the introductory phrase.
A partial quotation is one that does not constitute a complete thought or is a complete thought has been incorporated into a framing sentence. This is not a partial quotation , so the sentence is correct. Original: It’s difficult to say it will work, Jones agreed, “But I haven’t heard any better ideas.”
For a narrative citation , include the author and year in the sentence and then place the page number or other location information in parentheses after the quotation . If the quotation precedes the narrative citation , put the page number or location information after the year and a comma.
Use ellipses to make a quote say something other than what the author originally intended. Include the sentence’s ending punctuation followed by the ellipsis points when the dots are inserted after a complete sentence. Leave out the spaces before and after the ellipsis points or between them.
Three Dots for Missing Text To show readers that part of a quotation is missing , a writer can use three dots (like this ) to replace the missing words. (These three dots are called an ellipsis.) An ellipsis is usually written or in square brackets .
When you quote a single line of a poem (or part of a line), simply put it in quotation marks as you would for any other quote . If you quote two or three lines, use a forward slash to mark the line breaks.
Quotation mark rules If you’re quoting a phrase or a part of a sentence , don’t start the quote with a capital letter: If you’re splitting a quote in half to interject a parenthetical, you should not capitalize the second part of the quote : If they apply to the quoted material, they go within the quotation marks.
Punctuation Junction: Question Marks and Quotation Marks When the quotation itself is a question , put the question mark inside the quotation marks. When the sentence as a whole is a question , but the quoted material is not, put the question mark outside the quotation marks.
Quoting a portion of dialogue : If you quote something a character says, use double quotation marks on the outside ends of the quotation to indicate that you are quoting a portion of the text. Use single quotation marks inside the double quotation marks to indicate that someone is speaking. “‘Thou art not my child!
However you should use an ellipsis if the words as they appear in your quotation could be mistaken for a complete sentence , but in the original are only part of a longer sentence .
Partial quotations A combination of direct and paraphrased quotations . Will have some words in quotation marks.
You can use a colon before a quotation when the quotation is at least one sentence. Having a quotation that is a full sentence (or more) is far more common than having an introduction that is an independent clause. For example: (The colon is justified because the quotation is a sentence.)