While paraphrases do not require quotation marks, they do require citations. Be sure to change both the words and word order of the original source in order to avoid plagiarism.
Quotation marks around single words can occasionally be used for emphasis, but only when quoting a word or term someone else used. Usually, this implies that the author doesn’t agree with the use of the term . He said he was “working”; it looked to me like he was procrastinating.
Use direct quotations rather than paraphrasing: when reproducing an exact definition (see Section 6.22 of the Publication Manual), when an author has said something memorably or succinctly, or. when you want to respond to exact wording (e.g., something someone said).
How to paraphrase in five steps Read the passage several times to fully understand the meaning. Note down key concepts. Write your version of the text without looking at the original. Compare your paraphrased text with the original passage and make minor adjustments to phrases that remain too similar.
Sometimes you only need to paraphrase the information from one sentence. Here are some examples of paraphrasing individual sentences: Original: Her life spanned years of incredible change for women as they gained more rights than ever before. Paraphrase : She lived through the exciting era of women’s liberation.
Quotation marks are ALWAYS used in pairs, one at the beginning of the quoted text and one at the end. The same rule applies to titles and words used in a special sense or for emphasis. Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote.
Scare quotes (also called shudder quotes , sneer quotes , and quibble marks) are quotation marks that writers place around a word or phrase to signal that they are using it in an ironic, referential, or otherwise non-standard sense.
Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name. End the quote with a fullstop and the footnote number.
If you quote unique language from a sign , create a works-cited-list entry for it. A sign advises you to “shout, wave arms, throw stones” if you encounter a bear in the park (“Bear Country”). For the entry, follow the MLA format template.
A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker and is placed inside quotation marks in a written work. For example , Dr. King said, “I have a dream.”
An indirect quote is when you quote a source that is cited and/or quoted in another source. MLA calls these ‘ indirect sources. ‘ As a general rule, you should try to avoid using indirect sources. If what you quote or paraphrase from the indirect source is itself a quotation, put the abbreviation ‘qtd.
Key Resource: The 4 R’s –A Paraphrasing Strategy Review the graphic below that explains the 4 R’s : Read, Restate, Recheck, and Repair and use the attached graphic organizer to help you practice paraphrasing by using this strategy.
1. Original— paraphrases should use your own fresh vocabulary, phrasing, and sentence structure, not the sentence structure, phrasing and words of your source. 2. Accurate— paraphrases must precisely reflect the ideas, tone, and emphasis of your source. 3.
It is best to introduce the quotation or paraphrase with a signal phrase which includes the author’s name and provides context for the reader. That is, you must give the reader enough information to understand who is being quoted or paraphrased and why.