Sentence – ending punctuation is a whole different story. In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks, and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said.
Put commas and periods within quotation marks , except when a parenthetical reference follows. He said, “I may forget your name, but I never forget a face.” Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence.
You should never have a quotation standing alone as a complete sentence , or, worse, as an incomplete sentence , in your writing. The quotation will seem disconnected from your own thoughts and from the flow of your sentences .
Quotation marks are ALWAYS used in pairs, one at the beginning of the quoted text and one at the end. The same rule applies to titles and words used in a special sense or for emphasis. Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote.
Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name. End the quote with a fullstop and the footnote number.
In the American system, periods and commas always go inside quotation marks (i.e., single AND double). Thus, sentences 1, 2, and 3 should look like this: The suspect told the arresting officer, “I was nowhere near the crime.” “Walk to the corner,” she explained to the child, “and turn left.”
As a general rule, you should use a comma to introduce quoted material or dialogue. That’s because in most types of dialogue, the quoted material stands apart from the surrounding text. In grammatical terms, it’s “syntactically independent.”
Commas and periods that are part of the overall sentence go inside the quotation marks , even though they aren’t part of the original quotation. Unless they are part of the original quotation, all marks other than commas or periods are placed outside the quotation marks .
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
• Dropped quotations are those quotations that appear in the middle of your paper without. being introduced. • In order to transition into your quotation smoothly, avoid dropped quotations in your. writing.
One of the best ways to let readers know more about your source is to use a signal phrase. Signal phrases help readers “move from your own words to the words of a source without feeling a jolt” (Hacker 406). A writer uses signal phrases to avoid dropped quotations , smoothly leading the reader into the source’s ideas.
Most Famous Quotes “You miss 100% of the shots you don’t take.” – “Whether you think you can or you think you can’t, you’re right.” – “I have learned over the years that when one’s mind is made up, this diminishes fear .” – “I alone cannot change the world, but I can cast a stone across the water to create many ripples.” –
Examples: Smith states, “This book is terrific” (102). Smith remarks, ” . . . Smith writes, ” . . . Smith notes, ” . . . Smith comments, ” . . . Smith observes, ” . . . Smith concludes, ” . . . Smith reports, ” . . .
All well-known quotations that are attributable to an individual or to a text require citations . You should quote a famous saying as it appears in a primary or secondary source and then cite that source.