APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
Quotations within a Quotation Use single quotation marks to enclose quotes within another quotation . The reporter told me, “When I interviewed the quarterback, he said they simply ‘played a better game.
Format of a direct quotation in-text reference Include the author, year, and specific page number for that quotation . For material without page numbers, give the paragraph number or a time stamp. Include a complete reference in the reference list.
When using APA format , follow the author-date method of in-text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
If you are directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by “p.”). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
What is an indirect citation or secondary source ? Include both the original author and the author of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference . Add “as cited in” before the author in the in-text reference .
Rule: Use single quotation marks inside double quotation marks when you have a quotation within a quotation . Example: Bobbi told me, “Delia said, ‘This will never work. ‘ ” Notice that what Delia said was enclosed in single quotation marks.
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
There are two types of in-text citations that are used within the body of an APA paper to help the reader locate the corresponding reference in the reference list. The two types of in-text citations are parenthetical citations and narrative citations .
In October 2019, the American Psychological Association ( APA ) introduced the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, which replaces the 6th edition published in 2009. The 7th edition addresses these changes by providing better and more extensive guidelines.
A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker and is placed inside quotation marks in a written work. For example , Dr. King said, “I have a dream.”
The structure of an APA reference page is as follows: Book Entry: Up to nineteen authors, last name first, then first name or initial, with an ampersand (&) to separate the final author (not the word “and”), followed by a period. (Year of publication in parentheses followed by a period).
An APA reference page has a distinct look set forth by the American Psychological Association Manual of Style. The formatting of the page includes an optional running header, page number header, 1-inch margins on all sides, references in alphabetical order, hanging indents, and centered title “References.”
APA Style provides clarity to papers on often complex topics. It makes papers easier to read and understand. When sources are cited the same way each time and the paper is written in a uniform format , it gives it better flow and helps keep the focus on the content of the paper.