James Otis , a firebrand lawyer, had popularized the phrase “taxation without representation is tyranny” in a series of public arguments.
The phrase taxation without representation describes a populace that is required to pay taxes to a government authority without having any say in that government’s policies. The term has its origin in a slogan of the American colonials against their British rulers: ” Taxation without representation is tyranny.”1
The American view against British taxation was best represented by The Sons of Liberty headed by Samuel Adams who advocated for “ No British taxation without representation ”. Now they were being considered as a source of tax revenue.
So if you didn’t pay the tax your documents were considered illegal. Since the colonists had no representation in Parliament the taxes violated the guaranteed Rights of Englishmen . That is what the motto of 1750-1760 means , “ No taxation without representation .”
In short, many colonists believed that as they were not represented in the distant British parliament, any taxes it imposed on the colonists (such as the Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts) were unconstitutional, and were a denial of the colonists ‘ rights as Englishmen.
The word “Consent” was important. Under the British Constitution, no British subjects could be taxed without the consent of their representatives in Parliament. The colonists considered the constant imposition of taxes without a vote to be unconstitutional. It was, they felt, ” taxation without representation .”
A modern example of taxation without representation exists in the District of Columbia. When the American founders wrote the Constitution, they decided that the District of Columbia wouldn’t have representatives in Congress as a way to ensure the neutrality of the district.
The King and Parliament believed they had the right to tax the colonies . Many colonists felt that they should not pay these taxes , because they were passed in England by Parliament, not by their own colonial governments. They protested, saying that these taxes violated their rights as British citizens.
Colonial assemblies denounced the law, claiming the tax was illegal on the grounds that they had no representation in Parliament. Colonists were likewise furious at being denied the right to a trial by jury.
The Stamp Act was very unpopular among colonists. A majority considered it a violation of their rights as Englishmen to be taxed without their consent—consent that only the colonial legislatures could grant. Their slogan was “No taxation without representation”. Stamp Act 1765.
|Citation||5 George III, c. 12|
Sugar Act , also called Plantation Act or Revenue Act , (1764), in U.S. colonial history, British legislation aimed at ending the smuggling trade in sugar and molasses from the French and Dutch West Indies and at providing increased revenues to fund enlarged British Empire responsibilities following the French and Indian
Which statement best explains why taxation without representation was a major issue for the colonists ? The colonists equated a lack of representation with a lack of consent to be ruled. The Boston Tea Party was the first major act of defiance by the colonists .
The colonists had recently been hit with three major taxes: the Sugar Act (1764), which levied new duties on imports of textiles, wines, coffee and sugar; the Currency Act (1764), which caused a major decline in the value of the paper money used by colonists; and the Quartering Act (1765), which required colonists to
The colonists objected to ” taxation without representation.” What kind of taxation do you think they would have supported ? Why? A tax that was placed by representatives they elected. They elected those people to represent their ideals.