MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
Rule: Use single quotation marks inside double quotation marks when you have a quotation within a quotation . Example: Bobbi told me, “Delia said, ‘This will never work. ‘ ” Notice that what Delia said was enclosed in single quotation marks .
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in- text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text , like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper .
When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
Sometimes an author of a book, article or website will mention another person’s work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. For example, the Kirkey article you are reading includes a quotation by Smith that you would like to include in your essay .
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
‘” When multiple quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations , keep the quotation marks together (put periods and commas inside both; put semi-colons, colons, etc., outside both).
Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. (You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay .)
Leave a blank line before and after the quote and indent the whole quote from the left margin. Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name.