According to Locke : In the state of nature, liberty consists of being free from any superior power on Earth. People are not under the will or lawmaking authority of others but have only the law of nature for their rule.
Limborch published Locke’s Epistola de Tolerantia in Gouda, Holland, in May 1689— Locke wrote in Latin presumably to reach a European audience. The work was translated as A Letter Concerning Toleration and published in October 1689.
The only condition that slavery is justified is if someone is threatening your life , liberty , health or possessions, you are justified to enslave them over killing them. How does Locke think that things once held in common can justifiably become private property ?
Locke famously wrote that man has three natural rights: life, liberty and property. In his “Thoughts Concerning Education” (1693), Locke argued for a broadened syllabus and better treatment of students—ideas that were an enormous influence on Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s novel “Emile” (1762).
Perhaps the most influential writtings came from English philosopher John Locke. He expressed his view that government is obligated to serve the people, by protecting life, liberty, and property . Also, he went about limiting power of the government. He favored representative government and a rule of law.
The right to private property is the cornerstone of Locke’s political theory, encapsulating how each man relates to God and to other men. Locke proposes that because all men own their bodies completely, any product of their physical labor also belongs to them.
John Locke proposes his theory of property rights in The Second Treatise of Government (1690). The theory is rooted in laws of nature that Locke identifies, which permit individuals to appropriate, and exercise control rights over, things in the world, like land and other material resources.
Government, he said, was mainly necessary to promote the “public good,” that is to protect property and encourage commerce and little else. “Govern lightly,” Locke said. Locke favored a representative government such as the English Parliament , which had a hereditary House of Lords and an elected House of Commons.
There are many different versions of the notion of a social contract . John Locke’s version of social contract theory is striking in saying that the only right people give up in order to enter into civil society and its benefits is the right to punish other people for violating rights.
According to Locke , the main purpose of government is to protect those natural rights that the individual cannot effectively protect in a state of nature.
The Fifth Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution declare that governments cannot deprive any person of ” life , liberty , or property ” without due process of law.
In his Second Treatise of Government , Locke identified the basis of a legitimate government . According to Locke , a ruler gains authority through the consent of the governed. The duty of that government is to protect the natural rights of the people, which Locke believed to include life, liberty, and property.
John Locke changed and influenced the world in many ways. His political ideas like those in the Two Treatises of Government, (such as civil, natural, and property rights and the job of the government to protect these rights), were put into the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution.
John Locke (1632–1704) is among the most influential political philosophers of the modern period. In the Two Treatises of Government, he defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarch.
[In fact, Locke believed that God did set one individual over all, but one who wasn’t exactly a regular member of the human species, viz. Jesus Christ.] So Locke both asserted and denied (to be sure, in different books) that mankind is a real species whose members are without distinction born to an equal state.