Using In- text Citation APA in- text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.
A direct quotation reproduces word-for-word material taken directly from another author’s work, or from your own previously published work. If the quotation is fewer than 40 words, incorporate it into your paragraph and enclose it in double quotation marks. Place it before the full stop.
When you use a quotation mid – sentence , end the quote with quotation marks and cite the source in parentheses immediately after, and continue the sentence . If the author’s name and the date of publication are included before the quotation , then provide only the page numbers immediately after the quotation .
Long quotations Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented 1/2 inch from the left margin, i.e., in the same place you would begin a new paragraph.
APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
Use double quotation marks for title of an article , a chapter, or a web page. Use italics for title of a periodical, a book, a brochure or a report. Two or more authors: Within the text use the word and. If the authors’ names are within parentheses use the & symbol.
Using In- text Citation MLA in- text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation : (Smith).
If you are directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by “p.”). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
Separate the citations with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors (in the same order) by year of publication. Place in-press citations last. Give the authors’ surnames once; for each subsequent work, give only the date.
‘” When multiple quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations , keep the quotation marks together (put periods and commas inside both; put semi-colons, colons, etc., outside both).
There are two types of in-text citations that are used within the body of an APA paper to help the reader locate the corresponding reference in the reference list. The two types of in-text citations are parenthetical citations and narrative citations .
Quotation interrupted in the middle of a sentence When the annunciatory clause falls in the middle of a sentence , use a comma and closing quotation marks before it, and a comma and opening quotation marks after it.
Format of a direct quotation in-text reference Include the author, year, and specific page number for that quotation . For material without page numbers, give the paragraph number or a time stamp. Include a complete reference in the reference list.
Quotes fewer than 40 words should be incorporated into the text of the paragraph. Quotes comprised of 40 or more words, need to be formatted in block quotes. (see APA, section 6.03 , pp. 170 – 173 ; and APA Style Blog, “How to Cite Direct Quotations” or APA Style Blog, “You Can Quote Me on This”).
When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works , order them the same way they appear in the reference list (viz., alphabetically), separated by a semi-colon. If you cite multiple works by the same author in the same parenthetical citation , give the author’s name only once and follow with dates.