Using In- text Citation MLA in- text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation : (Smith).
An APA in- text citation is placed before the final punctuation mark in a sentence.
In your in-text citation identify the primary source, and include in parentheses “(as cited in Author, Date)”. The reference list will only list the secondary source. In the examples below, Smith’s study is the primary source and Queenan et al. is the secondary (“as cited in”) source.
Using In- text Citation APA in- text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
Add a parenthetical citation. Add a citation for the secondary source after the author’s last name. If you’re using the American Psychological Association (APA) citation style, include the source publication year after the author’s name. Add the page number at the end of the quote .
Citation follows the quotation marks; period follows the citation .
In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks , and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said.
The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence ; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence : “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark. He called Vienna the “most cultured city in the world.”
If you are directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by “p.”). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in- text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text , like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper .
When referring to information from a source in your own text , per APA guidelines, you will include the author, the year of publication, and sometimes the page number of the source. (The page number is required only with direct quotations .) This list of information is called an in- text citation .
A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker and is placed inside quotation marks in a written work. For example , Dr. King said, “I have a dream.”
Long quotations Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks.