When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
To quote a source , you must ensure: The quoted text is enclosed in quotation marks or formatted as a block quote . The original author is correctly cited. The text is identical to the original. Block quotes .
|Citation style||When to block quote|
|Chicago||Quotes longer than 100 words|
If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (preceded by “p.” for a single page and “pp.” for a span of multiple pages, with the page numbers separated by an en dash).
In your in-text citation identify the primary source, and include in parentheses “(as cited in Author, Date)”. The reference list will only list the secondary source. In the examples below, Smith’s study is the primary source and Queenan et al. is the secondary (“as cited in”) source.
All well-known quotations that are attributable to an individual or to a text require citations. You should quote a famous saying as it appears in a primary or secondary source and then cite that source.
Bear in mind: The in-text citation is very simple: (Author, year) – it generally only consists of the author’s last name, a comma, and the year of publication. The in-text citation has only the author’s last name – no initials! Always include the year of publication. 6 дней назад
List of Sources Begin the list of sources on a separate numbered page at the end of the document. Provide a title at the top of the page, “References” for APA or “Works Cited” for MLA, with no special formatting: bolding, underlining, quotation marks, larger font size, etc. List all sources used in the document in alphabetical order.
How to paraphrase in five steps Read the passage several times to fully understand the meaning. Note down key concepts. Write your version of the text without looking at the original. Compare your paraphrased text with the original passage and make minor adjustments to phrases that remain too similar.
A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker and is placed inside quotation marks in a written work. For example , Dr. King said, “I have a dream.”
A short quotation contains no more than four lines of quoted material. Normal MLA formatting should be used when incorporating a short quotation into your work.
Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. (You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay .)
Sometimes an author of a book, article or website will mention another person’s work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. For example, the Kirkey article you are reading includes a quotation by Smith that you would like to include in your essay .