You can shorten quotes by removing words from the middle of the quote and adding ellipses to indicate that you have removed some words. Shortening quotes helps the reader focus on the key information. You can remove words that are redundant or irrelevant to the point you are making .
Short quotations can be included as part of a larger sentence or within a paragraph in the body of your paper. For quotations longer than four lines, use a block quote . Press enter to start the quotation on a new line. Press Tab to indent the entire quotation 1/2 inch from the left margin.
An ellipsis ( . . . ) is used to indicate something was omitted. MLA requires ellipsis before or after the words used when you are quoting more than just a word or a phrase; however, writers only need to use ellipsis if it’s unclear that the quotation does not completely reproduce the original passage.
Longer Quotations Separate the quotation from the main text of your essay by indenting it. The indentation indicates that the text is a quotation ; you do not need quotations marks. You must indicate the line breaks in poetry as they are printed in the text from which you are quoting .
A short quotation contains no more than four lines of quoted material. Normal MLA formatting should be used when incorporating a short quotation into your work. This includes reference to the author and page number of the quotation .
Use ellipses to make a quote say something other than what the author originally intended. Include the sentence’s ending punctuation followed by the ellipsis points when the dots are inserted after a complete sentence. Leave out the spaces before and after the ellipsis points or between them.
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name. End the quote with a fullstop and the footnote number.
Quotation marks are ALWAYS used in pairs, one at the beginning of the quoted text and one at the end. The same rule applies to titles and words used in a special sense or for emphasis. Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote.
How to paraphrase in five steps Read the passage several times to fully understand the meaning. Note down key concepts. Write your version of the text without looking at the original. Compare your paraphrased text with the original passage and make minor adjustments to phrases that remain too similar.
Interrupt the quote with an attribution to the speaker. Again, you will need to use a comma after the verb, as well as a comma leading into the attribution. As you decide whether or not you want to break up a quote , you should consider the shift in emphasis that the division might create.
The first time you use a quotation from a source in an essay , introduce the author and the work that the quotation is attributed to before you use the actual quotation in the essay . Later in the essay , you simply need to address the author’s last name before using the quotation .