In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
Your in -text citation should include both authors : the author (s) of the original source and the author (s) of the secondary source. For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987). In your reference list you should provide the details of the secondary source (the source you read).
If you use a direct quotation from an author, you should: enclose it in quotation marks. give the author, date and page number(s) that the quotation was taken from, in brackets.
Every publisher sets their own threshold of “fair use” versus requiring permissions . One publisher requires permission for using 25 words or more from any one source, aggregate over the entirety of your book . This means if you quote 16 words in one place and 10 words in another, you must get written permission .
Proper Punctuation – Quotes If you start by telling who said it, use a comma and then the first quotation mark. If you put the quote first and then tell who said it, use a comma at the end of the sentence, and then the second quotation mark. Punctuation always goes inside the quotation marks if it is a direct quote .
For sources with three to five authors , list all the authors the first time, and use “et al.” only in subsequent citations. For sources with six or more authors, use “et al.” from the first citation.
Quoting a portion of dialogue : If you quote something a character says, use double quotation marks on the outside ends of the quotation to indicate that you are quoting a portion of the text. Use single quotation marks inside the double quotation marks to indicate that someone is speaking. “‘Thou art not my child!
An MLA website citation includes the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the website (in italics), the publication date, and the URL (without “https://”).
When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
A Harvard reference list must: Be on a separate sheet at the end of the document. Be organised alphabetically by author, unless there is no author then it is ordered by the source title, excluding articles such as a, an or the. Be double spaced: there should be a full, blank line of space between each line of text.
Short quotations (less than 40 words) should be enclosed in single quotation marks (‘…’) and be part of the main text. Longer quotations should start on a separate line, with no quotation marks, and indented throughout. Do not italicize quotations .
So, yes, you can quote the Bible or other holy books in your commercial work, but there are a truckload of caveats to that. Consider the version, what book , what country you want to publish the novel in, how much of the book you’re quoting , and a bunch of other things.
You DON’T need permission : To quote books or other works published before 1923. For news stories or scientific studies. Shorter quotes , references and paraphrasing is usually ok without permission . Copying large amounts of a story or study, however, may require permission from the writer or publisher.
According to US copyright law, the legal rights to a quote belong by default to its author (or speaker). Quotes are considered intellectual property, which is protected under the law. You have the author’s written permission to use their words on your work .