Titles of articles , episodes, interviews, songs, should be in quotes . In APA , use italics for titles of books, scholarly journals , periodicals, films, videos, television shows, and microfilm publications. Quotation marks or italics are not required for articles , webpages, songs, episodes, etc.
APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
Basic format to reference journal articles Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials. Year of publication of the article . Article title (in single inverted commas). Journal title (in italics). Volume of journal . Issue number of journal . Page range of article .
Journal Article Author(s). (Year). Title of the article . Title of the Journal , Note: Italicize and capitalize each word in the journal . Volume Note: Italicize the journal volume. ( Issue ), Note: If there is a issue number in addition to a volume number, include it in parentheses. Page range.
quotation marks in titles is simpler than you think. In general, the rule is: Italics – longer works and collections of works (e.g. novels, albums, movies, newspapers) Quotation marks – shorter works and pieces of longer works (e.g. short stories, songs, poems, articles)
Throughout your paper, you need to apply the following APA format guidelines: Set page margins to 1 inch on all sides. Double-space all text, including headings. Indent the first line of every paragraph 0.5 inches. Use an accessible font (e.g., Times New Roman 12pt., Arial 11pt., or Georgia 11pt.).
In- text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
Use double quotation marks for title of an article , a chapter, or a web page. Use italics for title of a periodical, a book, a brochure or a report. Two or more authors: Within the text use the word and. If the authors’ names are within parentheses use the & symbol.
For sources with three to five authors , list all the authors the first time, and use “et al.” only in subsequent citations. For sources with six or more authors, use “et al.” from the first citation.
APA in-text citations with multiple authors If there are three or more authors , only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”.
Include information in the following order: author (if available) year of publication. article title (between single quotation marks) newspaper title (in italics) date of article (day, month, page number—if given—and any additional information available) accessed day month year (the date you accessed the items)
Journal Article ( online ) Author (surname followed by initials). Year of publication (in round brackets). Title of article (in single quotation marks). Title of journal (in italics). Issue information – volume (unbracketed) and, where applicable, part number, month or season (all in round brackets). Page reference. doi (if available).
If a journal does not use issue numbers , leave the issue number element out of the reference. If the article or the database record does not show an issue number , there is no need to search for it . Please do not attempt to create information you do not have.
In October 2019, the American Psychological Association ( APA ) introduced the 7th edition of the APA Publication Manual, which replaces the 6th edition published in 2009. The 7th edition addresses these changes by providing better and more extensive guidelines.
APA 7th is an ‘author/date’ system, so your in-text references for all formats (book, journal article, web document) consists of the author(s) surname and year of publication. The basics of an in-text reference in APA : Include author or authors and year of publication.