When using APA format , follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
Cite personal communications only in the text, give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide the exact date if possible (see APA , section 6.20, p. 179; APA Style Blog, “What Belongs in the Reference List?”).
Dec 19, 2019 44038. A short quotation at the beginning of a chapter or article is called an epigraph. The quote is treated like an extract and indented from the left margin. Only the author’s name (and only the author’s last name if he or she is well-known) and the book’s title should be given in italics.
A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker and is placed inside quotation marks in a written work. For example , Dr. King said, “I have a dream.”
When referring to information from a source in your own text , per APA guidelines, you will include the author, the year of publication, and sometimes the page number of the source. (The page number is required only with direct quotations .) This list of information is called an in- text citation .
All well-known quotations that are attributable to an individual or to a text require citations. You should quote a famous saying as it appears in a primary or secondary source and then cite that source.
Separate the citations with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors (in the same order) by year of publication. Place in-press citations last. Give the authors’ surnames once; for each subsequent work, give only the date.
When making reference to the spoken words of someone other than the author recorded in a text, cite the name of the person and the name of the author, date and page reference of the work in which the quote or reference appears.
Another way to introduce a critic’s words is to use a descriptive verb, followed by a comma. Smith states, “This book is terrific” (102). Smith remarks, ” . . . Smith writes, ” . . . Smith notes, ” . . . Smith comments, ” . . . Smith observes, ” . . . Smith concludes, ” . . . Smith reports, ” . . .
Quoting a portion of dialogue : If you quote something a character says, use double quotation marks on the outside ends of the quotation to indicate that you are quoting a portion of the text. Use single quotation marks inside the double quotation marks to indicate that someone is speaking. “‘Thou art not my child!
Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double- spacing . Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse , maintain original line breaks. (You should maintain double- spacing throughout your essay.)
A passage quoted. The definition of a quotation is words or phrases that are taken from someone else or from literary work or the asking price of something. An example of a quotation is when you take a passage from Shakespeare and repeat it as written without changing any of the words.
A direct quotation is when you take another person’s words and place them in your own document. These must always be placed inside quotation marks and given appropriate attribution (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc). When should I quote ? Not all evidence needs to be presented in the form of direct quotation.
For a direct quotation , always include a full citation (parenthetical or narrative) in the same sentence as the quotation , including the page number (or other location information, e.g., paragraph number). Place a parenthetical citation either immediately after the quotation or at the end of the sentence.