To cite an interview that you conducted yourself, start the Works Cited entry with the name of the interviewee. Then simply describe it with the word Interview , followed by your own name and the date on which the interview took place.
Interview Citation Structure: Interviewee Last, First M. “ Interview Title.” Interview by First M. Last. Magazine Name Date Month Year: Page(s).
You do not include personal communication in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator’s name, the phrase “personal communication,” and the date of the communication in your main text only. (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2019).
APA format has specific rules for citing interviews , both published and personal. Cite your source. Introduce the interview . Begin by introducing the interview . Identify your source. Name the interviewee and explain why you chose to interview them. Present the context. Include the quote. Cite your source.
The in- text citation must always correspond with the first word of the Works Cited entry. For movie citations, this is usually the title in italics. If the title is longer than a few words, shorten it to the first word or phrase. Instead of a page number, add the time range of the part you are quoting or referring to.
When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
Here is a step-by-step guide to help you create a compelling interview essay : Identify the purpose of the paper . Research the subject. Prepare your questions. Contact the interviewee and prepare for the interview . Conduct the interview . Format the paper . Create an outline and write your paper . Proofread.
According to MLA style, an interview that you conduct should be included on the Works Cited page. List the interview by the name of the interviewee. Include the descriptor “Personal interview ” and the date of the interview , as in the following example: Billiken, Billy.
Citation includes author’s name, year of publication, then page numbers if available. If your source lacks an author, cite the first one or two words of the title. If no date is given, place “n.d.” after the author’s name. note on page numbers: Web documents often don’t have page numbers.
Cite personal communications only in the text, give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide the exact date if possible (see APA, section 6.20, p. 179; APA Style Blog, “What Belongs in the Reference List?”).
If you can’t find the original citation information, then cite the document where you read the quote . For example, if you found a quote from Ralph Waldo Emerson in a book of famous quotes , you would cite the book of famous quotes . Remember that citations give the reader enough information to find your sources.
A DOI , or Digital Object Identifier, is a string of numbers, letters and symbols used to permanently identify an article or document and link to it on the web. A DOI will help your reader easily locate a document from your citation. While a web address (URL) might change, the DOI will never change.
Paraphrase or directly quote the interview . It does not change. For example, say you write, “The people in the command room cheered after the event.” If you know this because your interview subject told you so, and this information is not readily available via a textbook, etc., then you must cite it.