However you should use an ellipsis if the words as they appear in your quotation could be mistaken for a complete sentence , but in the original are only part of a longer sentence .
A partial quote should not be introduced by a comma. Use one only if the sentence would require a comma if the same words were not in quotation marks. The author of the study issued a warning to “people who eat right but sit on their duffs all day.”
Quotation mark rules If you’re quoting a phrase or a part of a sentence , don’t start the quote with a capital letter: If you’re splitting a quote in half to interject a parenthetical, you should not capitalize the second part of the quote : If they apply to the quoted material, they go within the quotation marks.
When you introduce a quotation with a full sentence , you should always place a colon at the end of the introductory sentence . When you introduce a quotation with an incomplete sentence , you usually place a comma after the introductory phrase.
A partial quotation is one that does not constitute a complete thought or is a complete thought has been incorporated into a framing sentence. This is not a partial quotation , so the sentence is correct. Original: It’s difficult to say it will work, Jones agreed, “But I haven’t heard any better ideas.”
Use ellipses to make a quote say something other than what the author originally intended. Include the sentence’s ending punctuation followed by the ellipsis points when the dots are inserted after a complete sentence. Leave out the spaces before and after the ellipsis points or between them.
For direct quotations of more than one paragraph , place open quotation marks at the start of each new paragraph . Place close quotation marks at the end of only the last paragraph .
You can use a colon before a quotation when the quotation is at least one sentence. Having a quotation that is a full sentence (or more) is far more common than having an introduction that is an independent clause. For example: (The colon is justified because the quotation is a sentence.)
For multiple citations in one sentence MLA, you will need to mention the name of the first author and then the “et al” phrase (that means others) excluding quotation marks . For instance, “In a discussion by Dee and his colleagues….”or you can include in-text citations in the end as (Dee et al.
To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma. Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case. According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets.
Three Dots for Missing Text To show readers that part of a quotation is missing , a writer can use three dots (like this ) to replace the missing words. (These three dots are called an ellipsis.) An ellipsis is usually written or in square brackets .
The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence ; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence : “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark.
Punctuation Junction: Question Marks and Quotation Marks When the quotation itself is a question , put the question mark inside the quotation marks. When the sentence as a whole is a question , but the quoted material is not, put the question mark outside the quotation marks.
Quoting a portion of dialogue : If you quote something a character says, use double quotation marks on the outside ends of the quotation to indicate that you are quoting a portion of the text. Use single quotation marks inside the double quotation marks to indicate that someone is speaking. “‘Thou art not my child!
Quotation interrupted in the middle of a sentence When the annunciatory clause falls in the middle of a sentence , use a comma and closing quotation marks before it, and a comma and opening quotation marks after it.