Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote. You use the exact words and punctuation of the original.
Proper Punctuation – Quotes If you start by telling who said it, use a comma and then the first quotation mark. If you put the quote first and then tell who said it, use a comma at the end of the sentence, and then the second quotation mark. Punctuation always goes inside the quotation marks if it is a direct quote .
Make sure the name of the person who said the quote is not in an introductory phrase, but part of the subject. The subject of the sentence should use the name of the person who said the quote . Embedding quotations is important because the reader can follow the paragraph more easily. Note that answers may vary.
The name, date and page reference of the work in which information originated should appear first, followed by ‘cited’ and then the name etc. of the work in which the information was found. Only the work you have read should appear in the reference list at the end of the work .
For direct quotations of more than one paragraph , place open quotation marks at the start of each new paragraph . Place close quotation marks at the end of only the last paragraph .
Examples: Smith states, “This book is terrific” (102). Smith remarks, ” . . . Smith writes, ” . . . Smith notes, ” . . . Smith comments, ” . . . Smith observes, ” . . . Smith concludes, ” . . . Smith reports, ” . . .
The MLA Handbook notes, “By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation marks ” (88).
All well-known quotations that are attributable to an individual or to a text require citations. You should quote a famous saying as it appears in a primary or secondary source and then cite that source.
In the American system, periods and commas always go inside quotation marks (i.e., single AND double). Thus, sentences 1, 2, and 3 should look like this: The suspect told the arresting officer, “I was nowhere near the crime.” “Walk to the corner,” she explained to the child, “and turn left.”
One way to do this is to embed the quote , which places the quote into the context of your own writing. For example: If the original text by John Doe reads: “ As Sarah walked up the stairs, she came upon John, waiting at her door with her favorite flowers and a sorrowful expression on his face.”
Quotations from your sources should fit smoothly into your own sentences. This is called embedding or integrating quotations . Observe the difference between these sentences: It needs to be embedded into an existing sentence that is written in your own words.
These words and phrases are directly copied from the original text. You can copy selected words and phrases from an author’s work if you put quotation marks around them. These embedded quotations are called evidence because they illustrate or prove a statement you make about the author’s writing.
When omitting words from the middle or end of a quoted sentence, indicate with an ellipse (…) where the omission occurs. When they occur at the end, place a period after the last word and then insert your ellipse. In either case, take care that the wording remains grammatically correct.
Acknowledgment of Sources is a Rhetorical Act It enhances your credibility as a writer. You demonstrate that you have studied your subject in sufficient depth, and by reading credible and authoritative sources. It helps you to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is trying to pass someone else’s ideas or writing as your own .