Put commas and periods within quotation marks , except when a parenthetical reference follows. He said, “I may forget your name, but I never forget a face.” Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence.
Quotation interrupted in the middle of a sentence When the annunciatory clause falls in the middle of a sentence , use a comma and closing quotation marks before it, and a comma and opening quotation marks after it.
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
Do commas and periods go inside or outside quotation marks? Commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks in American English; dashes, colons, and semicolons almost always go outside the quotation marks; question marks and exclamation marks sometimes go inside, sometimes stay outside.
The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence: “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark.
Use an ellipsis in the middle of a quotation to indicate that you have omitted material from the original sentence , which you might do when it includes a digression not germane to your point. However, take care when omitting material to preserve the original meaning of the sentence .
The final period or comma goes inside the quotation marks, even if it is not a part of the quoted material, unless the quotation is followed by a citation . If a citation in parentheses follows the quotation , the period follows the citation .
Punctuation Junction: Punctuation Before Quotation Marks A few principles are at work here: To identify the speaker of a quotation before the quotation appears, put a comma after the speaking-related verb ( said , replied, stated, wrote, etc.).
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
An MLA website citation includes the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the website (in italics), the publication date, and the URL (without “https://”).
Quoting Someone’s Exact Words “I prefer my cherries chocolate covered,” joked Alyssa. “I have wanted to buy my own truck for a long time,” said Jordan. “I have been saving money for two years. “I guess I should start saving money, then,” replied Jordan, “if I am ever going to buy one.”
Don’t overuse speaker tags . It’s unnecessary to say “he said/she said” at the end of every line of dialogue. If you have only two speakers , you only need to indicate the speaker every few lines. If you have more than two speakers , vary your speaker tags with action beats (see below).
In the American system, periods and commas always go inside quotation marks (i.e., single AND double). Thus, sentences 1, 2, and 3 should look like this: The suspect told the arresting officer, “I was nowhere near the crime.” “Walk to the corner,” she explained to the child, “and turn left.”
A broken quotation is where only a part of a quotation is cited or is paraphrased: Who said plenty would bring a country to its knees? A strange species we are.