Enclosing the words in quotation marks signals that the words are quoted. When you use your own words to convey information from an original source, you are paraphrasing . While paraphrases do not require quotation marks, they do require citations.
Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
Paraphrasing . When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words , cite the source by adding an in- text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion. Include a full in- text citation with the author name and page number (if there is one).
Paraphrasing involves taking a passage — either spoken or written — and rewording it. When paraphrasing , it is important to keep the original meaning so that the facts remain intact. Basically, you are writing something in your own words that still expresses the original idea.
Key Resource: The 4 R’s –A Paraphrasing Strategy Review the graphic below that explains the 4 R’s : Read, Restate, Recheck, and Repair and use the attached graphic organizer to help you practice paraphrasing by using this strategy.
Paraphrasing is important because it shows you understand the source well enough to write it in your own words. It is important because it shows you and your reader (i.e. your lecturer) that you have understood the source sufficiently enough to write it in your own words.
It is best to introduce the quotation or paraphrase with a signal phrase which includes the author’s name and provides context for the reader. That is, you must give the reader enough information to understand who is being quoted or paraphrased and why.
1. Quoting involves total copying of the text while paraphrasing involves writing ideas into your own words. 2. Quoting is kept within the quotation marks while paraphrasing doesn’t involve the use of quotes .
Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name. End the quote with a fullstop and the footnote number.
When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
Quotation marks are ALWAYS used in pairs, one at the beginning of the quoted text and one at the end. The same rule applies to titles and words used in a special sense or for emphasis. Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote.
As you recall, Thinking Collaborative teaches three levels of paraphrasing – acknowledging, organizing, and abstracting. We acknowledge non-verbally with head nods, eye contact, etc., when listening.
The process in paraphrasing is very simple. Always remember that there are three important elements contained in a paraphrased question or statement. One is it should have similar meaning or the same thought as the original question . Next, it must elicit the same answer as the original question .
It is often difficult for the reader to see how the paraphrased or quoted ideas fit with your broader discussion because they have not read the same source material you have. Thus, in psychological writing, paraphrasing is considered bad writing practice. Write notes about what you read using your own words.