The following general steps address how to properly integrate a quotation into an essay . Step 1: Introduce the Author of the Quotation. Step 2: State the Quotation. Step 3: Summarize the Quotation. Step 4: Analyze the Quotation. Step 5: State the Quotation’s Relevance to Your Argument.
Write a sentence in which you make the point you want to support or illustrate with the quotation . End the sentence with a colon to introduce your sentence. According to can be followed by the name of a publication or a person. Put a comma after the name of the person or publication that introduces the quote .
A short note , indicated by a superscript number placed directly after the quote , specifies the author, title, and page number. Unlike with parenthetical citations, in this style, the period or other punctuation mark should appear within the quotation marks, followed by the footnote number.
The Basics• Always integrate quotations into your text. NEVER just “drop” a quotation in your writing! In other words, don’t let a piece of textual evidence stand alone as its own sentence (unless it’s multiple sentences long). Use your own words to introduce a quotation .
In grammar and writing, a flow quote is an embedded quotation from a source that is smoothly incorporated with the writer’s thoughts.
Leave a blank line before and after the quote and indent the whole quote from the left margin. Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name.
The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence: “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark.
You usually have a choice, then, when you begin a sentence with a phrase such as “Thoreau says.” You either can add a comma after “says” (Thoreau says, ” quotation “) or you can add the word “that” with no comma (Thoreau says that ” quotation .”) 4. Use short quotations –only a few words–as part of your own sentence .