What is an indirect citation or secondary source? Include both the original author and the author of the work where quote /idea was found in the in-text reference. Add “as cited in” before the author in the in-text reference.
When citing a web page or online article in APA Style, the in-text citation consists of the author’s last name and year of publication. For example: (Worland & Williams, 2015). Note that the author can also be an organization. For example: (American Psychological Association, 2019).
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
In writing, an ” indirect quotation ” is a paraphrase of someone else’s words: It “reports” on what a person said without using the exact words of the speaker. An indirect quotation (unlike a direct quotation ) is not placed in quotation marks. For example : Dr. King said that he had a dream.
Give the secondary source in the reference list; in text, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source . For example , if Allport’s work is cited in Nicholson and you did not read Allport’s work, list the Nicholson reference in the reference list.
When a web page has no identifiable author, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry, usually the title and the year, note the title of the web page is italicised. References : Title of web page or document Year, Publisher (if applicable), viewed Day Month Year, <URL>.
Bear in mind: The in-text citation is very simple: (Author, year) – it generally only consists of the author’s last name, a comma, and the year of publication. The in-text citation has only the author’s last name – no initials! Always include the year of publication. 6 дней назад
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in- text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text , like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
Long quotations Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks.
Examples: Smith states, “This book is terrific” (102). Smith remarks, ” . . . Smith writes, ” . . . Smith notes, ” . . . Smith comments, ” . . . Smith observes, ” . . . Smith concludes, ” . . . Smith reports, ” . . .
A direct quote (or direct quotation ) is the exact words taken from an original source and used in a second piece of writing. An indirect quote (or indirect quotation ) is the idea or fact taken from an outside source and used in a second piece of writing.
Direct quotation is where the cost of one unit of foreign currency is given in units of local currency, whereas indirect quotation is where the cost of one unit of local currency is given in units of foreign currency.
No commas are used between the source of the idea and the idea in the indirect quotation . A slight change in words may be needed to change a direct quotation into an indirect quotation . Often the words if and that are used when changing direct quotations to indirect quotations .