When using APA format , follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
The words “as cited in” in the parenthetical reference indicate you have not read the original research. General Format. In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year qtd. In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year qtd. Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial.
Rule: Use single quotation marks inside double quotation marks when you have a quotation within a quotation . Example: Bobbi told me, “Delia said, ‘This will never work. ‘ ” Notice that what Delia said was enclosed in single quotation marks.
A direct quotation is a report of the exact words of an author or speaker and is placed inside quotation marks in a written work. For example , Dr. King said, “I have a dream.”
Separate the citations with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors (in the same order) by year of publication. Place in-press citations last. Give the authors’ surnames once; for each subsequent work, give only the date.
Citing a personal communication requires the person’s last name, first initial and the date of the communication. Write either the person’s first initial followed by his last name, or the person’s title, followed by his last name if his first initial is not available.
Format of a direct quotation in-text reference Include the author, year, and specific page number for that quotation . For material without page numbers, give the paragraph number or a time stamp. Include a complete reference in the reference list.
For sources with three to five authors , list all the authors the first time, and use “et al.” only in subsequent citations. For sources with six or more authors, use “et al.” from the first citation.
Leave a blank line before and after the quote and indent the whole quote from the left margin. Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name.
‘” When multiple quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations , keep the quotation marks together (put periods and commas inside both; put semi-colons, colons, etc., outside both).
In graphic design, a pull quote (also known as a lift-out pull quote ) is a key phrase, quotation, or excerpt that has been pulled from an article and used as a page layout graphic element, serving to entice readers into the article or to highlight a key topic. Some designers, for example , choose not to align the quote .
Direct quotations involve incorporating another person’s exact words into your own writing. Quotation marks always come in pairs. Do not open a quotation and fail to close it at the end of the quoted material. Capitalize the first letter of a direct quote when the quoted material is a complete sentence.
A direct quote (or direct quotation ) is the exact words taken from an original source and used in a second piece of writing. An indirect quote (or indirect quotation ) is the idea or fact taken from an outside source and used in a second piece of writing.
A direct quotation is when you take another person’s words and place them in your own document. These must always be placed inside quotation marks and given appropriate attribution (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc). When should I quote ? Not all evidence needs to be presented in the form of direct quotation.