APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
MLA format follows the author -page method of in- text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text , and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
Works Quoted in Another Source Sometimes an author of a book, article or website will mention another person’s work by using a quotation or paraphrased idea from that source. The basic rule is that in both your References list and in-text citation you will still cite Kirkey. You will add the words “qtd. According to a study by Smith (qtd.
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
The title of an article is not italicized in MLA style, but placed in quotation marks. This applies to articles from journals, newspapers, websites, or any other publication. Use italics for the title of the source where the article was published.
Long quotations For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing.
Every publisher sets their own threshold of “fair use” versus requiring permissions. One publisher requires permission for using 25 words or more from any one source, aggregate over the entirety of your book. This means if you quote 16 words in one place and 10 words in another, you must get written permission.
To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma. Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case. According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets.
Proper Punctuation – Quotes If you start by telling who said it, use a comma and then the first quotation mark. If you put the quote first and then tell who said it, use a comma at the end of the sentence, and then the second quotation mark. Punctuation always goes inside the quotation marks if it is a direct quote .
Direct quotations involve incorporating another person’s exact words into your own writing . Quotation marks always come in pairs. Do not open a quotation and fail to close it at the end of the quoted material. Capitalize the first letter of a direct quote when the quoted material is a complete sentence.
Quoting a portion of dialogue: If you quote something a character says, use double quotation marks on the outside ends of the quotation to indicate that you are quoting a portion of the text. Use single quotation marks inside the double quotation marks to indicate that someone is speaking. “‘Thou art not my child!