Put commas and periods within quotation marks , except when a parenthetical reference follows. He said, “I may forget your name, but I never forget a face.” Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence.
An APA in- text citation is placed before the final punctuation mark in a sentence.
The punctuation for the sentence goes AFTER the parenthesis. If your quote is forty words or more, set it off in a block text by beginning a new line, indenting one inch, and do not add quotation marks. At the end of the quote put the period after the last word of the sentence followed by the parentheses.
In the American system, periods and commas always go inside quotation marks (i.e., single AND double). Thus, sentences 1, 2, and 3 should look like this: The suspect told the arresting officer, “I was nowhere near the crime.” “Walk to the corner,” she explained to the child, “and turn left.”
The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence: “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark.
The period is a strong punctuation mark—think of it as controlling the action in the sentence, which occurs outside the parentheses . 2. When a whole sentence falls inside parentheses , the period goes inside. Correct: (Several other courses were offered, but they were not as popular.)
When a complete, independent sentence is entirely enclosed by parentheses , the period goes inside the closing parenthesis . But, if the parenthetical material is nested inside another sentence, the period should go on the outside.
The MLA Handbook notes, “By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation marks ” (88).
Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation . Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage, but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text .
Quotation marks and other punctuation marks In the United States, the rule of thumb is that commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks, and colons and semicolons (dashes as well) go outside: “There was a storm last night,” Paul said.
The primary function of quotation marks is to set off and represent exact language (either spoken or written) that has come from somebody else. The quotation mark is also used to designate speech acts in fiction and sometimes poetry.
Quotation marks are also called inverted commas, speech marks , or quotes. Quotation marks can be used in two styles; single (‘ ‘ or ‘) or double (“ ” or “), and can also appear in two different typefaces; either as so called dumb or straight quotes (‘ or “) or as smart quotes (‘ ‘ or “ ”).