Proper Punctuation – Quotes If you start by telling who said it, use a comma and then the first quotation mark. If you put the quote first and then tell who said it, use a comma at the end of the sentence, and then the second quotation mark. Punctuation always goes inside the quotation marks if it is a direct quote .
The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence: “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark.
The MLA Handbook notes, “By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation marks ” (88). Thus, in the following sentence, the comma is placed after taught: “You’ve got to be carefully taught,” wrote Oscar Hammerstein II.
Rule: Use single quotation marks inside double quotation marks when you have a quotation within a quotation . Example: Bobbi told me, “Delia said, ‘This will never work. ‘ ” Notice that what Delia said was enclosed in single quotation marks.
Citing a quote in APA Style In a parenthetical citation, you place all the information in parentheses after the quote . In a narrative citation, you name the author in your sentence (followed by the year), and place the page number after the quote .
Ending an essay with a long quote looks lame and give the impression that it is a substitute for a conclusion As a general rule of thumb you do not want to end your paper with a quote , or with someone else’s idea. Failtoaddressthequestion’stopicinyour’introduction’ are also a bad choice for a first sentence.
Best Quotes of All Time “Spread love everywhere you go. “When you reach the end of your rope, tie a knot in it and hang on.” – “Always remember that you are absolutely unique. “Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant.” –
Put the exclamation point inside the closing quotation marks if it applies to the words enclosed by the quotation marks . “There’s a spider on my arm!” yelped Jeremy. If the exclamation point applies to the sentence as a whole, then place it at the very end .
The period is a strong punctuation mark—think of it as controlling the action in the sentence, which occurs outside the parentheses . 2. When a whole sentence falls inside parentheses , the period goes inside. Correct: (Several other courses were offered, but they were not as popular.)
In all cases of usage involving quotation marks (again, American usage, not British), commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks while semicolons and colons always go outside. Here is an example using a list of titles : Notice that the commas separating the titles are inside the quotation marks.
Put commas and periods within quotation marks , except when a parenthetical reference follows. He said, “I may forget your name, but I never forget a face.” Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence.
If you use a direct quotation from an author, you should: enclose it in quotation marks. give the author, date and page number(s) that the quotation was taken from, in brackets.
Integrating Quotations into Sentences Introduce the quotation with a complete sentence and a colon. Use an introductory or explanatory phrase, but not a complete sentence, separated from the quotation with a comma. Make the quotation a part of your own sentence without any punctuation between your own words and the words you are quoting .
Quotation interrupted in the middle of a sentence When the annunciatory clause falls in the middle of a sentence , use a comma and closing quotation marks before it, and a comma and opening quotation marks after it.