When multiple studies support what you have to say, you can also include mid – sentence in- text citations . You can also use mid – sentence in- text citation if the study supports only a part of the sentence so that it is clear which material has come from which source.
No matter if your “ quotation appears at the beginning, middle , or end of the sentence ,” the citation goes at the end (409). If the author is not indicated, include the author’s name in the citation (Rodriguez 410). If the ! or ? are part of your sentence , put them outside the quotation (“like this”?)
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
Introduce the quote with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses and put the page number at the end of the quotation . The citation is part of the sentence and the punctuation will come after the citation .
Footnote or endnote numbers in the text should follow punctuation, and preferably be placed at the end of a sentence . If you do place a note in the middle of a sentence , for example at the end of a quotation, the number should always come before a dash. Notes should always end with a full stop.
Sentences always begin with a capital letter and end in either a full stop, exclamation or question mark. A complete sentence always contains a verb, expresses a complete idea and makes sense standing alone. This is now a complete sentence , as the whole idea of the sentence has been expressed.
• Dropped quotations are those quotations that appear in the middle of your paper without. being introduced. • In order to transition into your quotation smoothly, avoid dropped quotations in your. writing.
The following general steps address how to properly integrate a quotation into an essay. Step 1: Introduce the Author of the Quotation . Step 2: State the Quotation . Step 3: Summarize the Quotation . Step 4: Analyze the Quotation . Step 5: State the Quotation’s Relevance to Your Argument.
Using In-text Citation APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
Using In-text Citation MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example : (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation : (Smith).
Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name. End the quote with a fullstop and the footnote number.
If the source you want to cite is not listed here, see Writing citations for tips on how to cite unusual sources. You should include the following elements: Name of issuing body. Year. Number and title of standard. Place of publication (if in print) Publisher (if in print) URL (if online) Date accessed (if online)
Example Citations : Articles AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. “Article Title.” Journal Title, Version, Number, Publication Date, Page Numbers. L’Ambrosch, Zampoun and Teodolinda Roncaglia. Newspaper Article from an Online Database. Newspaper Article from Web or Print Source.
Click at the end of the sentence or phrase that you want to cite , and then on the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group, click Insert Citations . From the list of citations under Insert Citation , select the citation you want to use.