The words “as cited in” in the parenthetical reference indicate you have not read the original research. General Format. In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): (Author Surname, Year qtd. In-Text Citation (Quotation): (Author Surname, Year qtd. Year, page number) References: Author Surname, First Initial.
Using In-text Citation For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number, for example: (Field, 2005, para.
How do I cite the same source many times? Use a shortened form of the citation. Let’s say you wrote a footnote (or endnote) for this book after you quoted from page 32: Cite the page number in the text. Let’s go back to your first citation of The Name of the Wind, where you cited it in full: Use an abbreviation. Use ibid.
Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source . For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987). In your reference list you should provide the details of the secondary source (the source you read).
When making reference to the spoken words of someone other than the author recorded in a text, cite the name of the person and the name of the author, date and page reference of the work in which the quote or reference appears.
When using APA format , follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
APA website citations usually include the author, the publication date, the title of the page or article, the website name, and the URL. If there is no author, start the citation with the title of the article. If the page is likely to change over time, add a retrieval date.
Long quotations Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks.
When you present ideas in a sentence that are un- cited , it is assumed those are your own original ideas. Including just one citation at the end of a paragraph is not sufficient unless the last sentence is the only information in the paragraph that came from the cited source .
In paragraphs that contain one overall instance of paraphrased information, “ cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p.
Citing a source multiple times in one paragraph . Title in author position. Entries with the same author(s) and year of publication. the in-text citation contains basic information about the source : The source’s author(s) The year of publication. The page number (sometimes)
What is an indirect citation or secondary source ? Include both the original author and the author of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference . Add “as cited in” before the author in the in-text reference .
When referencing a secondary source , name the text where you found the information ( APA , 2020, p. 258). For example , if you quoted Souper’s text, which you found in Green’s book, you should reference Green because you read Green’s book: “Souper (as cited in Green, 2017) noted that . . .”.
Bear in mind: The in-text citation is very simple: (Author, year) – it generally only consists of the author’s last name, a comma, and the year of publication. The in-text citation has only the author’s last name – no initials! Always include the year of publication. 6 дней назад