When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
You do not need to use quotation marks . Always use in- text citations when you paraphrase or summarize, to let the reader know that the information comes from another source. Continue to use signal phrases as well. For more information about paraphrasing, please review the content on the paraphrasing page.
When you quote directly from a source, enclose the quoted section in quotation marks. Add an in- text citation at the end of the quote with the author name and page number, like this: “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). “Here’s a direct quote ” (“Trouble” 22).
The APA Style rules encourage authors to place a citation after each instance of paraphrased or quoted information, versus the citation always appearing at the end of a sentence: “If the quotation appears in mid-sentence, end the passage with quotation marks , cite the source in parentheses immediately after the
Using In-text Citation For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number, for example: (Field, 2005, para. 1).
APA 7 Style uses the author-date citation method with parentheses. After a quote , add parentheses containing the author’s name, the year of publication, and the page number(s) the quote appears. For quotations that are on one page, type “p.” before the page number.
Types of in-text citation Parenthetical citation: You put the source reference in parentheses directly in your text. Note citation: You put the source reference in a footnote or endnote . Numeric citation: You number each of your sources in the reference list and use the correct number when you want to cite a source .
In- text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
In-text citations: Author -page style MLA format follows the author -page method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
An MLA website citation includes the author’s name, the title of the page (in quotation marks), the name of the website (in italics), the publication date, and the URL (without “https://”).
When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
In- text citations are typically placed at the end of a quote, sentence, or paragraph.
There are two types of in-text citations that are used within the body of an APA paper to help the reader locate the corresponding reference in the reference list. The two types of in-text citations are parenthetical citations and narrative citations .
A reference or citation can be positioned at the beginning, middle or end of a sentence .