Using In- text Citation APA in- text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations , include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.
If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (preceded by “p.”). Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author’s last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
You do not need to use quotation marks . Always use in- text citations when you paraphrase or summarize, to let the reader know that the information comes from another source. Continue to use signal phrases as well. For more information about paraphrasing, please review the content on the paraphrasing page.
In- text citations : Author-page style MLA format follows the author-page method of in- text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text , and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in- text citation . This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text , like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
In- text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
When referring to information from a source in your own text , per APA guidelines, you will include the author, the year of publication, and sometimes the page number of the source. (The page number is required only with direct quotations .) This list of information is called an in- text citation .
Long quotations Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks.
How to Quote a Quote ? In American English, use double quotation marks for quotations and single quotation marks for quotations within quotations. In British English, use single quotation marks for quotations and double quotation marks for quotations within quotations.
Types of in-text citation Parenthetical citation: You put the source reference in parentheses directly in your text. Note citation: You put the source reference in a footnote or endnote . Numeric citation: You number each of your sources in the reference list and use the correct number when you want to cite a source .
A basic reference list entry for a journal article in APA must include: Author or authors. Year of publication of the article (in round brackets). Article title. Journal title (in italics). Volume of journal (in italics). Issue number of journal in round brackets (no italics). Page range of article . DOI or URL.
APA Formatting Basics All text should be double-spaced. Use one-inch margins on all sides. All paragraphs in the body are indented. Make sure that the title is centered on the page with your name and school/institution underneath. Use 12-point font throughout. All pages should be numbered in the upper right hand corner.
An in- text citation is a reference made within the body of text of an academic essay. The in- text citation alerts the reader to a source that has informed your own writing.
Include the author/s name/s where possible. You should write the surname (last name) first followed by any initials. If there are more than three authors then you can cite the first author and use the abbreviation ‘et al’, meaning ‘and all’.
Quotation marks are ALWAYS used in pairs, one at the beginning of the quoted text and one at the end. The same rule applies to titles and words used in a special sense or for emphasis. Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote.