Jean-Jacques Rousseau > Quotes “People who know little are usually great talkers, while men who know much say little.” “I prefer liberty with danger than peace with slavery.” “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.” “The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless.” “I am not made like any of those I have seen.
Summary Summary. With the famous phrase, “man is born free, but he is everywhere in chains,” Rousseau asserts that modern states repress the physical freedom that is our birthright, and do nothing to secure the civil freedom for the sake of which we enter into civil society.
“ What wisdom can you find that is greater than kindness .” ~Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, June 28, 1712 and Ermenonville, France died July 2, 1778. He said the most important philosophers of the French Enlightenment was one .
Rousseau believed modern man’s enslavement to his own needs was responsible for all sorts of societal ills, from exploitation and domination of others to poor self-esteem and depression. Rousseau believed that good government must have the freedom of all its citizens as its most fundamental objective.
Rousseau was the least academic of modern philosophers and in many ways was the most influential. His thought marked the end of the European Enlightenment (the “Age of Reason”). He propelled political and ethical thinking into new channels. His reforms revolutionized taste, first in music, then in the other arts.
Rousseau’s central argument in The Social Contract is that government attains its right to exist and to govern by “the consent of the governed.” Today this may not seem too extreme an idea , but it was a radical position when The Social Contract was published.
Simpson writes that Rousseau ” defined moral freedom as autonomy, or ‘obedience to the law that one has prescribed to oneself'” (92), though to illustrate this idea he gives an example of an alcoholic who is said not to possess moral freedom “because he is unable to live according to his own judgment about what is good
The agreement with which a person enters into civil society. The contract essentially binds people into a community that exists for mutual preservation. Rousseau believes that only by entering into the social contract can we become fully human.
“ What wisdom can you find that is greater than kindness ?” —Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
As a believer in the plasticity of human nature, Rousseau holds that good laws make for good citizens. However, he also believes both that good laws can only be willed by good citizens and that, in order to be legitimate, they must be agreed upon by the assembly.
General will , in political theory, a collectively held will that aims at the common good or common interest. In Du Contrat social (1762; The Social Contract), Rousseau argued that freedom and authority are not contradictory, since legitimate laws are founded on the general will of the citizens.
Rousseau proclaimed the natural goodness of man and believed that one man by nature is just as good as any other. For Rousseau , a man could be just without virtue and good without effort. According to Rousseau , man in the state of nature was free, wise, and good and the laws of nature were benevolent.