Capitalize the first letter if the quotation appears after a verb of saying, regardless of the case used in the source–but flag any alterations you make.
Quotations placed in the middle of a sentence When a quotation is included within a larger sentence , do not use ellipsis points at the beginning or end of the quoted material, even if the beginning or end of the original sentence has been omitted.
Quotation mark rules If you’re quoting a phrase or a part of a sentence , don’t start the quote with a capital letter: If you’re splitting a quote in half to interject a parenthetical, you should not capitalize the second part of the quote : If they apply to the quoted material, they go within the quotation marks.
In general, you should capitalize the first word , all nouns, all verbs (even short ones, like is), all adjectives, and all proper nouns. That means you should lowercase articles, conjunctions, and prepositions—however, some style guides say to capitalize conjunctions and prepositions that are longer than five letters .
The first letter of the first word in a quotation may be changed to an uppercase or a lowercase letter to fit the context of the sentence in which the quotation appears. Any other changes (e.g., italicizing words for emphasis or omitting words) must be explicitly indicated.
How to Quote a Quote ? In American English, use double quotation marks for quotations and single quotation marks for quotations within quotations. In British English, use single quotation marks for quotations and double quotation marks for quotations within quotations.
Direct Quotations Quotation marks always come in pairs. Capitalize the first letter of a direct quote when the quoted material is a complete sentence . Do not use a capital letter when the quoted material is a fragment or only a piece of the original material’s complete sentence .
In general, it is not necessary to use an ellipsis at the beginning or end of a quotation , even if you are quoting from the middle of a sentence . An exception is that you should include an ellipsis if , to prevent misinterpretation, you need to emphasize that the quotation begins or ends in midsentence.
Use ellipses to make a quote say something other than what the author originally intended. Include the sentence’s ending punctuation followed by the ellipsis points when the dots are inserted after a complete sentence. Leave out the spaces before and after the ellipsis points or between them.
The definition of a quotation is words or phrases that are taken from someone else or from literary work or the asking price of something. An example of a quotation is when you take a passage from Shakespeare and repeat it as written without changing any of the words.
How do I set up and follow up a quotation ? Provide context for each quotation . Do not rely on quotations to tell your story for you. Attribute each quotation to its source. Tell your reader who is speaking. Explain the significance of the quotation . Provide a citation for the quotation .
To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma. Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case. According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets.
Tyler asked if I would be “heading out of town on a Harley.” If the quotation of a complete sentence is interrupted in the middle and then continues after the interruption, do not capitalize the second part of the quotation . Use commas to set off the explanatory words.
According to most style guides, nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs are the only words capitalized in titles of books, articles, and songs. Prepositions, articles, and conjunctions aren’t capitalized (unless they’re the first or last word).
10 capitalization rules everyone should know Capitalize the first word in a sentence. Capitalize the pronoun “I.” Capitalize proper nouns : the names of specific people, places, organizations, and sometimes things. Capitalize family relationships when used as proper nouns . Capitalize titles that appear before names, but not after names.