Word of the “XYZ affair” aroused a popular demand for war. The popular slogan was “millions for defense , but not one cent for tribute.” The Federalist -controlled Congress prepared for war by authorizing a 20,000 man army and calling George Washington out of retirement as commander in chief.
10 Things You May Not Know About John Adams Adams defended British soldiers after the Boston Massacre. He was a great pen pal. He was the principal author of the oldest written constitution still in use in the world. He was the first president to live in the White House.
If the Union must be dissolved , slavery is precisely the question upon which it ought to break. For the present, however, this contest it laid asleep. [From Allan Nevins, ed., The Diary of John Quincy Adams , 1794–1845 (1928.
During the contested election of 1824, followers of Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams began calling themselves National Republicans, and backers of Andrew Jackson emerged as Democratic Republicans. By the election of 1828, the Jacksonians had become known simply as the Democrats.
In October, Hamilton published a pamphlet in which he argued that Adams should not be reelected . He charged that the President was emotionally unstable, given to impulsive and irrational decisions, unable to coexist with his closest advisers, and generally unfit to be President.
John Adams signed the unpopular Alien & Sedition Acts of 1798. Because Adams believed in the elite idea of Republicanism and didn’t trust public opinion, he was probably one of the most disliked presidents.
Adams was well known for his extreme political independence, brilliant mind and passionate patriotism. He was a leader in the Continental Congress and an important diplomatic figure, before becoming America’s first vice president .
Since age 25, Adams had suffered from a hand tremor which he called “quiveration.” He passed this familial “essential tremor”, a genetic disorder, along to his son, John Quincy Adams , who grew up to become the nation’s sixth president. Adam’s tremor worsened under the stress of his new government responsibilities.
Size: 5.5 x 8.5 in. Long before “the one percent” became a protest slogan, American founding father John Adams feared the power of a class he called simply “the few”—the wellborn, the beautiful, and especially the rich.
Adams’s diary entries provided vivid detail of his involvement in the events of the period, such as negotiating the Treaty of Ghent, his participation in the Monroe Doctrine, his battles in the House of Representatives against the expansion of slavery, and his appearance before the Supreme Court in the Amistad case.
What idea did John Quincy Adams promote that was not accepted in his presidency and is still rejected in today’s United States : Official adoption of the metric system.
In addition to numerous diplomatic appointments, Adams went on to serve as U.S. Senator from Massachusetts from 1803 to 1808 , U.S. President from 1825 to 1829 , and U.S. Representative from Massachusetts from 1831 to 1848 .
On August 7, they reunite with John in London after a five-year separation. They move to Auteuil, near Paris, where Adams is serving with Franklin and Jefferson on a commission to secure commercial treaties for the new United States.