The conch represents civil discourse on the island, and only works as long as the boys all believe in its power and the necessity of the idea it symbolizes . Both literally and symbolically the conch is a fragile, vulnerable object, which is why Piggy, Ralph, and even Jack treat it with care.
The conch is used not only to call meetings but also to establish order when the boys talk. Thus, the conch symbolizes civilization, adult rules, and the democratic process. As Ralph is the first to utilize the conch as a social tool, it also becomes a symbol of Ralph’s legitimacy as a leader.
○ Jack is straying from civilization and become more savage. He says how the boys do not need the conch , but the conch is their only sense of civilization and order. The conch is their only connection to the real world (civilized world).
Piggy and Ralph first find the conch in Chapter 1 . It represents civilization and democracy. Ralph first blows the conch to call all the other boys on the island together to form a civilization. All the boys then vote him as the leader because he called them together and they all see Jack as an unattractive threat.
After the fire, Piggy tells the boys that the boy with the mulberry birthmark has gone missing. Leader ● In charge of the conch (talking privileges) … “ I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak . He can hold it when he’s speaking ” (Golding 33).
‘ In the novel, the conch shell is a symbol of authority and order . The conch symbolically breaks at the point where order breaks down and gives way to violence and savagery.
Piggy’s glasses are symbolic for a number of reasons in Lord of the Flies. The spectacles represent the boys’ only means of obtaining fire through reflecting the sun’s rays, and fire itself is symbolic of survival and rescue. Later, Jack punches Piggy which cause the glasses to fall, smashing one side.
Why is Jack unable to kill the pig at the end of Chapter One? Jack could not bear with himself killing the pig . He was afraid of all the blood that would appear when stabbing the pig .
Piggy’s death signifies the end of Ralph’s fragile troop, and a victory by the forces of violence and brutality over the forces of wisdom, kindness, and civility. The death is foreshadowed in the early pages, when Piggy tells Ralph he has asthma, can’t swim, needs his glasses to see, and is sick from the fruit.
Why doesn’t Jack take the conch when he invades the beach settlement? Jack and the hunters only came to Ralph’s settlement to take Piggy’s glasses. Jack has said that the conch has no power on his side of the island and that he has no use for it.
Robert and Roger call Jack a “ proper chief ” because he has devised a way to protect themselves on the Castle Rock (having guards and the big stone they can roll onto an enemy). This tells us that people crave security, even when it comes in violent forms.
The conch is a symbol of democratic power at the beginning of the story. First, it is used to gather the boys. Ralph blows the conch to assemble them (Golding 12). Gathering the people so that they can share their views, debate and vote is essential to a functioning democracy .
Ralph and Jack engage in a fight which neither wins before Piggy tries once more to address the tribe. Any sense of order or safety is permanently eroded when Roger, now sadistic, deliberately drops a boulder from his vantage point above, killing Piggy and shattering the conch.
Ralph’s confusion in decisive moments proves too great a weakness for him to maintain his leadership peacefully. Ralph’s unwillingness to resort to fear tactics and violence to lead the boys also makes him ultimately ineffective as a leader .