Thomas Hobbes said life without government would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short .” According to Hobbes , humans naturally compete for territory, resources and power. the people’s representatives administer the government , allowing it to be extended over a much larger area.
‘ Nasty, brutish and short ‘ is a quotation from Thomas Hobbes ‘ poem Leviathan, 1651 – not a firm of particularly unpleasant lawyers as some wags have suggested. Hobbes described the natural state of mankind (the state pertaining before a central government is formed) as a “warre of every man against every man”.
“No arts; no letters; no society; and which is worst of all, continual fear and danger of violent death; and the life of man solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” “The first and fundamental law of Nature, which is, to seek peace and follow it.”
Thomas Hobbes In this state, every person has a natural right to do anything one thinks necessary for preserving one’s own life, and life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” (Leviathan, Chapters XIII–XIV).
Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679) was a philosopher from England. His most famous book is Leviathan (1651).
Thomas Hobbes believed that all humans are naturally selfish and wicked and prone to fighting. He said that in order to escape a bleak life, people should give up their rights to a strong leader who would give them law and order.
Hobbes calls this figure the ” Leviathan ,” a word derived from the Hebrew for “sea monster” and the name of a monstrous sea creature appearing in the Bible; the image constitutes the definitive metaphor for Hobbes’s perfect government.
60 Colours/2 Sizes. Nasty Brutish Short. Political Philosophy. “No arts; no letters; no society; and which is worst of all, continual fear, and danger of violent death; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” So said Thomas Hobbes in his Leviathan.
The condition in which people give up some individual liberty in exchange for some common security is the Social Contract . Hobbes defines contract as “the mutual transferring of right.” In the state of nature, everyone has the right to everything – there are no limits to the right of natural liberty.
The state of nature in Locke’s theory represents the beginning of a process in which a state for a liberal, constitutional government is formed. Locke regards the state of nature as a state of total freedom and equality, bound by the law of nature.
For instance, Locke perceives the law of nature to preside over the state of nature , in which individuals and their properties are not necessarily in constant danger. Conversely, Hobbes’s state of nature is the state of war, which cause men to come to the conclusion that they must always be in pursuit of peace.
The state of nature , for Rousseau , is a morally neutral and peaceful condition in which (mainly) solitary individuals act according to their basic urges (for instance, hunger) as well as their natural desire for self-preservation.