The quote sandwich consists of three ingredients: Top slice: Introducing the Quotation. Meat & veggies: The Quote. Bottom slice: Explaining the Quotation.
Quotation sandwich – Statement introducing the quotation is the top slice of bread and the explanation following it is the bottom slice of bread.
Shown below are some possible ways to introduce quotations. Examples: Smith states, “This book is terrific” (102). Smith remarks, ” . . . Smith writes, ” . . . Smith notes, ” . . . Smith comments, ” . . . Smith observes, ” . . . Smith concludes, ” . . . Smith reports, ” . . .
The citation sandwich is a technique to utilize when you are supporting your own thoughts with the thoughts of others. If you follow the components of a citation sandwich , your writing will move from a string of other people’s thoughts to your thoughts supplemented with other people’s thoughts.
EXPLAIN : Make sure to explain your quotes . Provide analysis that ties them back to your main idea / topic sentence. In other words, comment on the evidence in order to incorporate it into the argument you’re making.
The sandwich method essentially uses a sandwich as a metaphor for the structure of a typical paragraph. The opening statement provides direction for the paragraph and mirrors the top bun of a sandwich. The middle, support statements provide details and mirror the meat and ingredients within the sandwich.
How to paraphrase in five steps Read the passage several times to fully understand the meaning. Note down key concepts. Write your version of the text without looking at the original. Compare your paraphrased text with the original passage and make minor adjustments to phrases that remain too similar.
Source Sandwich Method: Introduce, Quote, Explain. Just as a sandwich has three parts—bread, filling, bread—so the source sandwich method gives three steps to using a quotation or statistic effectively. Step 3 is the most important part.
To use evidence clearly and effectively within a paragraph, you can follow this simple three-step process: 1) introduce the evidence , 2) state the evidence , and 3) explain the main message you are emphasizing through the evidence .
The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence: “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark.
There are three strategies you can use to embed quotations : set off quotations , build in quotations , or introduce quotations with a colon. Set-off quotations are set off from the sentence with a comma. Capitalize the first word of the quote . Notice the signal phrases (in bold print) used in the following examples.
The first time you use a quotation from a source in an essay , introduce the author and the work that the quotation is attributed to before you use the actual quotation in the essay . Later in the essay , you simply need to address the author’s last name before using the quotation .
All APA reference list entries contain four main components : author, date, title, and source.
Usually you will want to keep the quotation and your analysis together in the same paragraph . Hence it is a good idea to avoid ending a paragraph with a quotation . But if your analysis is lengthy, you may want to break it into several paragraphs , beginning afresh after the quotation .
One way to remember what your options are for commentary is to use the acronym SPIES: SIGNIFICANCE, PURPOSE, IMPORTANCE, EFFECT, or SUGGESTION. Using these trigger words should help you create meaningful commentary . Avoid simply paraphrasing the quote or restating the major support in your commentary .