The Basics• Always integrate quotations into your text. NEVER just “drop” a quotation in your writing! In other words, don’t let a piece of textual evidence stand alone as its own sentence (unless it’s multiple sentences long). Use your own words to introduce a quotation .
There are three strategies you can use to embed quotations: set off quotations, build in quotations, or introduce quotations with a colon. Set-off quotations are set off from the sentence with a comma. Capitalize the first word of the quote . Notice the signal phrases (in bold print) used in the following examples.
Quotes in quotes : For quotes within quotes , use single quote marks, both opening and closing, for the internal quote . If both quotes end together, you would end with a single quote mark and double quotes marks.
Quotations are separated from the speaker tag with commas Notice that the first comma is after the word “know” and inside the quotation marks. The second comma is after the word “teacher” and before the second set of quotation marks.
When citing a direct quote by someone who is not the author of the source, you should introduce the person in your writing, use double quotation marks for the quote , rather than the usual single quotation marks for direct quotes by the author of the source, and add the page number within the bracketed citation , or, for
Bear in mind: The in-text citation is very simple: (Author, year) – it generally only consists of the author’s last name, a comma, and the year of publication. The in-text citation has only the author’s last name – no initials! Always include the year of publication. 6 дней назад
One way to do this is to embed the quote , which places the quote into the context of your own writing. For example: If the original text by John Doe reads: “ As Sarah walked up the stairs, she came upon John, waiting at her door with her favorite flowers and a sorrowful expression on his face.”
Do not add quotation marks. Introduce the quote using your own words followed by : a colon – if you have written a complete sentence – or a comma if you use a phrase such as ‘according to’ along with the authors name. End the quote with a fullstop and the footnote number.
Quotations from your sources should fit smoothly into your own sentences. This is called embedding or integrating quotations . Observe the difference between these sentences: It needs to be embedded into an existing sentence that is written in your own words.
For a single sentence of quotation, enclose only the speaker’s words in double quotation marks . For a direct quotation of two or more sentences with the attribution at the beginning of the first sentence , put a colon, not a comma, after the attribution and place the quotation in double quotation marks .
When multiple quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations , keep the quotation marks together ( put periods and commas inside both; put semi-colons, colons, etc., outside both).
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote ” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
Use ellipses to make a quote say something other than what the author originally intended. Include the sentence’s ending punctuation followed by the ellipsis points when the dots are inserted after a complete sentence. Leave out the spaces before and after the ellipsis points or between them.
6 Steps to Effective Paraphrasing Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning. Set the original aside, and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material.
If you want to omit some words , phrases, or sentences from the quote to save space, use an ellipsis (. . .) with a space before and after it to indicate that some material has been left out . If the part you removed includes a sentence break, add a period before the ellipsis to indicate this.