Use single quotes when using quotes within dialogue Use a pair of single quotes nested within doubles to indicate quoted text within dialogue . Note that there is no added space in between the closing single and double quotation mark.
Use ellipses to make a quote say something other than what the author originally intended. Include the sentence’s ending punctuation followed by the ellipsis points when the dots are inserted after a complete sentence. Leave out the spaces before and after the ellipsis points or between them.
There are three strategies you can use to embed quotations: set off quotations, build in quotations, or introduce quotations with a colon. Set-off quotations are set off from the sentence with a comma. Capitalize the first word of the quote .
Use double quotation marks (“”) around a direct quote . A direct quote is a word- for-word report of what someone else said or wrote. You use the exact words and punctuation of the original.
Here are the main rules for writing dialogue: Each speaker gets a new paragraph. Each paragraph is indented. Punctuation for what’s said goes inside the quotation marks. Long speeches with several paragraphs don’t have end quotations. Use single quotes if the person speaking is quoting someone .
The rule: Indicate that you have skipped material within a quote by placing three periods (an ellipsis) in place of the missing material. Do not place an ellipsis at the beginning or end of a quote , ever: only to indicate skipped material in the middle of a quote .
Edited or truncated quotations If the source quotation is truncated , either in the middle or at the end of the quotation , use ellipses to mark the point of the omitted material. Do not use ellipses at the start of the quote , even if material has been omitted there.
Long quotations For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin while maintaining double-spacing.
Quotations from your sources should fit smoothly into your own sentences. This is called embedding or integrating quotations . Observe the difference between these sentences: It needs to be embedded into an existing sentence that is written in your own words.
One way to do this is to embed the quote , which places the quote into the context of your own writing. For example: If the original text by John Doe reads: “ As Sarah walked up the stairs, she came upon John, waiting at her door with her favorite flowers and a sorrowful expression on his face.”
‘” When multiple quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations , keep the quotation marks together (put periods and commas inside both; put semi-colons, colons, etc., outside both).
Proper Punctuation – Quotes If you start by telling who said it, use a comma and then the first quotation mark. If you put the quote first and then tell who said it, use a comma at the end of the sentence, and then the second quotation mark. Punctuation always goes inside the quotation marks if it is a direct quote .
Examples: Smith states, “This book is terrific” (102). Smith remarks, ” . . . Smith writes, ” . . . Smith notes, ” . . . Smith comments, ” . . . Smith observes, ” . . . Smith concludes, ” . . . Smith reports, ” . . .